Pho Hien Korean Temple - a unique 1000 year old pagoda

 Besides the already famous capital, Pyongyang, Dieu Huong Mountain with ancient Pho Hien Korean pagoda is also a tourist attraction that makes visitors fall in love.

Introduction to Pho Hien Korean Temple

Pho Hien Temple ( Pohyon ) is a Buddhist temple located in the Dieu Huong mountain range (Myohyang), in Hyangsan district, north of Phyonganbuk province, and about 2.5 hours drive east of Pyongyang, Korea. 

The temple was named after the Buddhist deity Samantabhadra or Bodhisattva Samantabhadra - one of the important Bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism.
Originally built in 1042 AD during the Cao Ly dynasty (Koryo) and then rebuilt after 399 years before rebuilding in 1765.


Halfway up the mountain - the location is Pho Hien Trieu Pagoda The temple is located in a prime location (Photo @ocskaym)


During the Imjin Wars, when Japanese lord Toyotomi Hideyoshi ordered a number of invasions to invade Korea, the temple became a stronghold for warrior bands led by the saint Sosan. Even the temple is tasked with protecting the Chonju copy of the four Chronicles of the Yi Dynasty - the only surviving copy of the war.

Besides, like most other temples in Korea, this Pho Hien complex suffered heavy damage from the bombing of the US during the Korean War in 1951, so it had to be restored to be as intact as it is today.

Currently, the Korean Pho Hien Temple is not only the largest Buddhist center in Korea, recognized as a National Treasure, but also recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage , so it often attracts many tourists come to make pilgrimages every year.

The unique architecture of Pho Hien Trieu Pagoda

Samantabhadra has a stereotypical Korean architecture, whereby, on the spacious campus, most of the important buildings such as the halls or small temples are located along the main axis and surround the central temple.

To enter the Korean Pho Hien pagoda , visitors must pass through a series of three ceremonial gates: the outer gate - the Tao Khe Gate, built in 1644 to house Deva statues, in the middle is the Haetal gate - Gate Nirvana, is a long tree-lined path with commemorative steles detailing the temple's history, some of which still carry shrapnel from the Korean War.

However, these two outer gates are now full of doors, so you can only go through the innermost gate, Chonwang - Heavenly Gate, with statues of Buddhist deities of the same name.

Going straight through the Chonwang Gate is the Manse Pavilion (Pavilion of Ten Thousand Years), a former hallway of Pho Hien Temple . Originally, it was a wooden building but after being destroyed by the bombing of the US in 1951 and rebuilt in 1979, it was replaced with reinforced concrete.

Located in the middle of the campus is the Sokka stupa - the work is considered a symbol of Pho Hien pagoda with 13 floors, nearly 9 meters high, each step of the tower is hung beautifully. It is even designated as Korea National Treasure No. 144.


13-storey stupa - typical work of Pho Hien Korean Temple Impressive 13-story stupa (Photo @elenakuv)


To the right of the main hall and across a small garden, is the Kwanum temple, named after the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara (called Guanyin in Chinese), this temple was built in 1449 and is a permanent construction life in the temple campus. It is also designated as National Treasure No. 57. 

Also in the northeast corner of Pho Hien Korean Temple is the walled Manyung Temple, built in 1794. This small residence honors the priests, who led the warrior bands to repel. Japanese invasions in 1592-1598. It is also the venue for the memorial ceremonies for the great monk Sŏsan, who once resided in this temple and was credited with chasing away the invading forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. 

Inside the complex is a portrait hall, which contains paintings and relics relating to the three patriotic monks, and the Memorial House, which houses a stele erected in 1796 to record the Sŏsan's patriotic action. And designated National Treasure No. 143. 

South of the ruins of Pho Hien Temple is an archive also known as the Changgyong Pavilion, which is a modern structure like the present library. It hosts a copy of the Koreana Tripitaka Classic - a cultural relic recognized by UNESCO and more than 80,000 wooden Buddhist texts showing the advanced typing history of Korea even earlier than Europe.

The special thing is that outside the standard Korean architectural style temple, the statues inside are made in a Chinese direction. At the same time, although it is made of concrete, the ingenious and skillful paintwork on the walls, roof or door makes visitors feel like they are made of real wood.

Interesting experiences at Pho Hien Korean Temple

As the most sacred and sacred 1,000-year-old temple in Korea, many people every day come here to do incense and pray. You can even talk to the monks in the temple to hear them talk about the history of the temple's formation.

Located in the middle of a majestic mountain, far from the busy town, surrounded by leaves rustling in the wind, the sound of birds chirping and running water, creating a peaceful, extremely beautiful forest song. Peaceful and peaceful, so Pho Hien pagoda in Korea is extremely suitable for you to relax and calm down amid so many sorrows of life.

In addition, the path leading to the temple is also surrounded by picturesque pine trees and colorful ornamental flowers, not only making the space bright, making the human mood become gentle but It is also the ideal check-in corner of those who love virtual life.

Moreover, you can take a walk around Dieu Huong Mountain - one of the famous tourist destinations of Korea to see the beautiful natural scenery and visit interesting landscapes such as: more than 10,000 pristine waterfalls and 360 Buddhist monasteries, will definitely not disappoint you.

If you are looking to relax, relieve pressure and enjoy a real vacation, Pho Hien Trieu Pagoda is not a bad destination.

Pho Hien Korean Temple - a unique 1000 year old pagoda Pho Hien Korean Temple - a unique 1000 year old pagoda Reviewed by Admin on February 14, 2021 Rating: 5

No comments: